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Hazards of static electricity PDF

Static electricity incidents have occurred in recent years which have highlighted concerns about explosion or fire while transferring vehicle fuels. These may indicate that changes taking place threaten the existing precautions for controlling these hazards. It is a well-known phenomenon that if two materials are rubbed together, static. static ignitions actually occur: If there is an ignition of leaked/leaking gas, in the absence of a known ignition source, given that the passage of natural gas inside a pipe creates static, the most probable cause of the ignition is that static electricity has arced to ground in the presence of a gaseous mixture Static Electricity - Hazards and Control - Dirk Smith, President -Ionix Gas Technologies 3 components to pipeline safety: 1. Damage prevention 2. System integrity and 3. Suppression of ignition sources. Suppression of static Electricity in gas pipe is one of the 3 necessary components to a comprehensive pipeline safety program

1.2 To evaluate the possibility of hazards from static electricity existing in an industrial locality or in a particular process, it is necessary to understand the causes and effects of the static electricity phenomenon. 1.3 Matter is composed of atoms that consist of negatively charged electrons circulating about a positively charged nucleus NFPA 77, Recommended Practice on Static Electricity (Ref. NFPA, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169) • Purpose - Provide assistance in controlling the hazards associated with the generation, accumulation, and discharge of static electricity • Contains: o A basic understanding of the nature of static electricity HAZARD OF STATIC ELECTRICITY For static electricity to be a hazard, four conditions must be met: There must be a means for a static charge to develop. Enough energy must build up to cause ignition. There must be a discharge of this energy (a spark). The spark must occur in an ignitable vapour or dust mixture Static electricity in one form or another is a phenomenon of nature and often results in electrostatic discharges that can cause fires and explosions. While expertise to reduce these hazards is based on research, in addition there is much industry experience upon which to base safety precautions when handling petroleum liquids Electrical Safety in the Workplace 8 A Little History of Electricity 600BC: Static electricity Thales, a Greek, found that when amber was rubbed with silk it attracted feathers and other light objects. He had discovered static electricity. The Greek word for amber is elektron', from which we get electricity' and electronics'

Static Electricity Hazards, Generation and Grounding in

26-2 Construction Health and Safety Manual ELECTRICAL HAZARDS A major cause of accidents involving electricity comes from the failure to identify the hazards associated with live electrical equipment and wiring (Figure 26-1). Figure 26-1: Electrical Injuries An arc flash is a release of energy caused by an electric arc (Figure 26-2) • Avoiding Electrostatic Ignition Hazards in Chemical Operations, L.G. Britton, 1999 • CENELEC TR50404, Electrostatics—Code of Practice for the Avoidance of Hazards Due to Static Electricity • Electrostatic Hazards, Luttgens & Wilson, 199 The hazards of electricity depend on the current flow which occurs when a person has contact with live parts of damaged electrical equipment or in a faultcircuit.Theleveloftheelectriccur-rent which flows through the human bodyisdefinedbyOhm'sLawwhich defines the relationship between volt-age,currentandresistance.Thismean the subject of electrostatic hazards, how they arise and how they can be avoided. It gives an overview of the new standard and some of the industrial situations that are covered by it. Introduction Static electricity can cause two main problems in industrial processes. Firstly, where flammable vapours, gases or dus

The hazards of static electricity - Concaw

Static Electricity Hazards In Industry. I t is common in industrial processes for potential to be more than 30 kV (f or comparison, Click the link below to download a PDF copy of this whitepaper: Static Electricity Hazards, Generation and Grounding in Industry. Get A Custom Quote The hazards of static electricity. 01 Oct 1998. Static electricity incidents have occurred in recent years which have highlighted concerns about explosion or fire while transferring vehicle fuels. These may indicate that changes taking place threaten the existing precautions for controlling these hazards. It is a well-known phenomenon that if.

About Hazards and Applications of Static Electricity Some characteristics that increase the generation of electrostatics are low material conductivity, impurities, large contact surface, high speed of separation, high velocity, and low air humidity Hazards of Static Electricity The main hazard of static electricity is the creation of sparks in an explosive or flammable atmosphere. These sparks can set off an explosion or fire. The danger is greatest when flammable liquids are being Static ElEctricity. Static Electricity & Fire Hazards Rare or Freak Accident? The photo before shows the results of a static electricity discharge at a Chevron gasoline station in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (January, 2003) It started from static electricity. The customer, a teenage girl, started pumping gasoline using the automatic filler, and got back in the. accumulation of static charges. 3. When an air ionizer is utilized, it is vital that maintenance procedures and schedules are adhered to in order to ensure that ions generated by the ionizer are sufficiently balanced. 4. Avoid bringing sources of static electricity (as shown in page 1) within 1 meter of a static-safe work bench. 5

Static Electricity and Static Discharge | CK-12 Foundation

unwanted static electricity can be legitimately disregarded. 1.2.2 Problems Although static electricity clearly presents a very real hazard as a result of its ability to ignite flammable mixtures, it can also lead to a number of other problems where there is no risk to life or property but there are still very real business issues Static Electricity Hazards Before you begin Survey your facility to identify activities that have potential to create static electricity sparking. Review safety procedures your company has to prevent static electricity hazards. If available, bring examples of bonding and grounding devices to demonstrate their use. Safety Talk June 202 static electricity for the purpose of eliminating or mitigating its fire hazard, except as provided in 1-2.3 below. 1-2.2 Chapters 5 through 8 cover the common commercial and industrial operations where the presence of static is a hazard. Static is generated in many other circumstances where its accumu-. 1 Introduction This booklet provides an overview of basic electrical safety on the job. Electricity is essential to modern life, both at home and on the job. Some employees — engineers, electricians, electronic technicians, and power lin electrostatic safety, discover the potential causes of electrostatic hazards and consult experts on security and disaster prevention. This article will be limited to the prevention of fires and explosions due to static electricity, and along with introducing discharge phe-nomena as well as electrostatic charges that peopl

The Hazards and Applications of Static Electricity

  1. Cold Spring Harbor Central School District / Homepag
  2. Guidance for plant engineers - static electricity Created Date: 10/23/2008 11:32:00 AM.
  3. in the process of oil-gas storage and transportation in last 30 years, and to reduce potential hazards associated with static electricity. The fishbone diagram [2] is used to summarize the effects and the causes that create or contribute to those electrostatic accidents. 2. Overall statistic
  4. ELECTRICITY MR.ROBINSON Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge.Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current.In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves
  5. ated even through grounding

Static Electricity Hazards and Controls Dirk Smith, President Ionix Gas Technologies . Ionix Gas Technologies making gas delivery safer! Who is Ionix Gas Technologies and why am I here? • IGT has developed a suite of products to eliminate static inside and outside PE pipe. • Because we are called in when static. Static Electricity Hazards in Industry It is common in industrial processes for potential to be more than 30 kV (for comparison, the batteries in many common electronic devices have a nominal voltage between 3 and 5 V). If two objects with different potential are brought close enough together, and their potentia Static electricityhas a negative influence ona safe workof the navigation andother instruments andbecause of that aircraft have installedsystems for elim inationof harmful influence of the static electricity. On wings and flaps of some civil aircraf t it is possible to notice certai

Dangers of static electricity: 1. Lightning is static electricity due to charges in clouds, and it can damage buildings and harm people. 2. Static electricity can damage sensitive electrical components, such as the parts inside computers. To prevent this, these parts are handled with anti-static bags and wrist straps, which drain the static. Static Electricity on Hoses - Causes, Hazards and Prevention interconnected conductive hose sections, to a vacuum truck or tanker truck that does not have a verified static ground connection. The third most common reason for static spark discharges from hoses is where the conduc-tive components of the hose structure become isolate In addition the electrostatic hazards related to the different types of FIBCs are highlighted.. 1 INTRODUCTION Build-up of static electricity is intrinsically related with most industrial processes. Static electricity may cause nuisance or damage and it may represent a fire or explosio

Cold Spring Harbor Central School District / Homepag

OSHA 3075

A study of electrostatic accidents in the process of oil

Controlling Static Electricity in Modern Buildings Graham Hearn Wolfson Electrostatics The problem of static electricity in commercial offices and stores is a relatively modern phenomenon. It represents an annoying source of painful electric shocks to both occupants and visitors and contributes to low morale amongst staff and workers. I Tips To Prevent Damage By Static Electricity. Here are some effective tips to make sure that risks caused by static electricity are minimized: Avoid wearing rubber-soled footwear: Rubber is an excellent insulator, and so wearing rubber-soled shoes may create a significant amount of static in your body The more turbulent the flow the more static electricity is produced. The Reynolds Number Ref 2 Sec 5-4 is a measure of turbulence within a pipe. The Critical Reynolds Number when flow changes from laminar to turbulent is about 2-3000 Reynolds Number Ref 2 Sec 5-4. Table 2 shows the Reynold electricity. Films are particularly prone to creating a static build up. Why is static a problem to me? • The discharge of static electricity may be only a small shock or build to the point that a lightning bolt-like spark will reach out and strike the operator, delivering life threatening voltage. • Static discharge is a spark however produced no significant readings of static electricity. Work undertaken independently by the three authors of this article has highlighted a number of factors influencing the levels of electrostatic hazard and these are discussed in this article. The influence on electrostatic ignition hazards due to th

Consequences of Static Electricity : 1-Electric arcs The factors which determine the potential of the electric discharge are: - Material - Humidity - Contact Pressure - Contact Area - Contact Times At least one of the material is an insulator. VESSEL EUROPE - Ionisers Presentation Static charge build-up is enhanced when the air is dry. So, static problems and effects are often noticed in dry air conditions. The air outside can be very dry when the weather is cold and dry. Indoors, central heating or air conditioning can give very dry conditions which promote static electricity. Heating warms the air and reduces its humidity

Hazards of static electricity Essay - 518 Word

Hazards of Static Electricity. Hazop assessments, and the reports that follow on from them, are a great way of capturing and identifying processes and practices that could lead to the ignition of flammable atmospheres through discharges of static electricity • Identify Hazards associated with static electricity. • Explain difference between grounding and bonding. • Explain best practice techniques for grounding and bonding. • Explain how to plan for overhead power line hazards . Sources of Ignition • Hydrogen Sulfide H2S • Methane • Hydrocarbon fire and explosion hazards associated with static electricity, including the prevention and control of these hazards. This Committee shall also have primary responsibility for conductive and static-dissipative floors, except as this subject is addressed by the Committee on Health Care Facilities. Responsible for NFPA 77

Electrical Safety Quotes

Static Electricity, Its Dangers and How To Prevent Them

static electricity. positive charges only. Which atomic particle carries a negative charge? proton. neutron. electron. nucleus Where is the safest place to be during a lightning storm? under a tall tree. on top of a tall tree. under your metal car. inside your metal car. What happens when a positively charged rod is brought near a neutral. electrostatic ignition hazards Electrostatics 1979 Inst Phys Confr Series No 48 1979 p85 [6] G. I. Taylor, A. D. McEwan The stability of a horizontal fluid interface in a vertical electric field J. Fluid Mech 22 1965 p1 [7] Static electricity: Technical and Safety Aspects Shell Safety Committee, 198 Electrical Safety Static Electricity. Most of us are familiar with static electricity. We all have walked across the rug and reached for the door knob, only to have a spark jump from our hand to the knob. We have also seen the effects of static cling, when our clothes cling together in the dryer

Electrical Safety - Static Electricity OSHA Safety Manual

Paper presented at SCHC Spring 2009 Meeting Houston, Texas April 7-8, 2009 Hazards of Static Accumulating Flammable Liquids James Reppermund (Presenter) Consulting Engineer, Howell, NJ and Laurence G. Britton PhD CEng CPhys Consulting Scientist, Charleston WV Abstract In June 2008, The U.S Chemical Safety Board issued its report 2007-06-I-KS on its investigation of an explosion and fire. formation in Part 2 and cover static electricity hazards and controls in more detail in Part 3. This safety guide provides general advice common to most solvent handling oper - ations but the provision of detailed advice for specific solvents or end uses is be-yond its scope. That information can be found in your supplier's Safety Data Shee In addition to above the following specific procedures shall be complied with when static accumulator cargoes are carried in non-inerted tanks to reduce risks associated with static electricity : Liquids chemical cargoes with conductivity below 50 picosiemens per metre shall be considered as a static accumulator cargo How does static electricity move? EXAMPLE: If you rub your socks on the carpet, your skins builds up negative charges. You are negatively charged! Then you touch something like a doorknob. The shock you feel is the sudden attractionor transfer of the electrons to the doorknob Methods of Controlling Ignition Hazards of Electrical Equipment Classification is required where: −Visible dust clouds, or −routine deposits in excess of 3 mm (1/8 inch) Ignition hazards of electrical equipment must be controlled by equipment design. Electrical equipment that can cause ignition hazards mus

(PDF) Hazards of Static Accumulating Flammable Liquids

Remember that static electricity is an imbalance of electric charge between two objects. This imbalance has a definite polarity: one object is positive while the other is negative. This means that electrons rush in one direction when the two objects discharge through the path created by the neon gas inside the lamp Electrical Safety: Static Electricity. Most of us are familiar with static electricity. We all have walked across the rug and reached for the doorknob, only to have a spark jump from our hand to the knob. We have also seen the effects of static cling when our clothes cling together in the dryer Static Electricity • What is Static Electricity Static electricity occurs when there is a build up of electric charge on the surface of a material. It is called static electricity because the charges don't move. The electricity we use everyday involves moving charges. Static = Charge does not move or flow. 5 should lead to improved safety practices and evaluations of existing installations and procedures. When the narrow limits of static electricity ignition are properly understood, fire investigators should be encouraged to search more diligently for the true ignition sources in instances where static ignition is unlikely or impossible

Electricity Primary Science worksheets – Circuits and

(Doc) Marvin Confidence Standing Orders Regarding Static

and safety risks and precautions, nor undertaking their obligations under local, state, or fed­ erallaws. Information concerning safety and health risks and proper precautions with respect to par­ ticular materials and conditions should be obtained from the employer, the manufacturer or supplier of that material, or the material safety data. solutions. The type of anti-static solution used will depend on the surface material, permanency of protection needed, and environmental conditions. There is a wide variety of solutions available that will provide conducting surfaces for many laboratory needs. The Cahn #2027 Anti-Static Solution is intended for static control for use with balances

10 Common Causes Of Arc-Flash Accidents

Electrical Safety: Static Electricity - IADC

This document summarizes safety issues related to static electricity, bonding and grounding containers, etc. when working with flammable liquids. Please see the OSH Answers How to Work Safely with Hazardous Products Using the Flame Pictogram for general information about working with flammable liquids and related hazardous products Static electricity is generated by many industrial processes and is actually used as part of the process in many cases. This Risktopic deals with the type of static electrical discharge which represents an static electrical hazards are being adequately addressed. However, in the case of flammable gases and dusts and.

product is a poor conductor of electricity and can become electrostatically charged. If sufficient charge is accumulated, ignition of flammable mixtures can occur. To reduce potential for static discharge, use proper bonding and grounding procedures. This liquid may accumulate static electricity when filling properly grounded containers These fires result from the buildup of static electricity. The insulating effect of the bed liner or carpet prevents the static charge generated by gasoline flowing into the container or other sources from grounding. The discharge of this buildup to the grounded gasoline dispenser nozzle may cause a spark and ignite the gasoline for static discharge, use proper bonding and grounding procedures. This liquid may accumulate static electricity when filling properly grounded containers. Static electricity accumulation may be significantly increased by the presence of small quantities of water or other contaminants. Material will float and may ignite on surface of water Electrical safety. Electricity can kill or severely injure people and cause damage to property. However, you can take simple precautions. [1] when working with or near electricity and electrical equipment to significantly reduce the risk of injury to you, your workers and others around you. This section provides a summary of those precautions Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource addresses an area not extensively covered in process safety standards or literature: understanding and reducing potential hazards associated with static electricity. The book covers the nature of static electricity, characteristics and.