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Infibulation type 3

Infibulation - Type III female genital mutilation June 26, 2021 / Infibulation is the practice of removing all or parts of the external genitalia (the clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora) and sewing, pinning, or otherwise causing the remaining tissue to fuse together during the healing process, also called Pharaonic circumcision Type III FGC involves excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching or narrowing of the vaginal opening (infibulation) (Fig. 36-4). Type IV is a collection of practices that may not involve removal of tissue. The genitalia may be pricked, burned, or scarred; the vagina may be ripped to cause narrowing. 1 Further information: Female genital mutilation § Type III Female infibulation, known as Type III FGM, and in countries in which it is practiced as pharaonic circumcision, is the removal of the inner and outer labia and the suturing of the vulva. It is usually accompanied by the removal of the clitoral glans

Infibulation - Type III female genital mutilation - Olotu

  1. Type 3 FGM. Infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and sewing over the outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris or inner labia. This practice is extremely painful and distressing, damages sexually sensitive skin and is an on-going infection risk
  2. ora and labia majora. This is done..
  3. ora; Type 3: Excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching/narrowing of the vaginal opening (infibulation); Type 4: Unclassified (includes a wide variety of mutilations not falling into Types 1 through 3)
  4. #Infibulation, #Infibulationwikihindi, #Infibulationancientgreece, #Infibulationmeaninginnepali, #Infibulationmeaninginkannada #Genital, #Mutilation, #Genita..
  5. Type III — Rétrécissement de l'orifice vaginal avec recouvrement par l'ablation et l'accolement des petites lèvres et/ou des grandes lèvres, avec ou sans excision du clitoris (infibulation). Type IIIa, ablation et accolement des petites lèvres; Type IIIb, ablation et accolement des grandes lèvres
  6. 1 of 3. Photographed by Elisabeth Ubbe. Infibulation at age 8. The clitoris and labia were excised, then sewn together. After being opened by a midwife, with anesthesia, she has given birth to.

Type 3: Infibulation The vaginal opening is narrowed, and a covering seal is created. The inner or outer labia are cut and repositioned. This practice may or may not include the removal of the.. Type 3: Infibulation. Infibulation, a form of female genital mutilation. Image: Paddy Allen/Guardian Photograph: Sean Clarke/Guardian. Some or all of the external parts of the genitals are cut off. Type III (infibulation or pharaonic circumcision), the sewn closed category, is the removal of the external genitalia and fusion of the wound. The inner and/or outer labia are cut away, with or without removal of the clitoral glans Type three is when all of the external parts of the genitals are cut off or repositioned. The opening of the vagina is narrowed and sealed by sewing or stapling together the two sides of the vulva...

Female Genital Mutilation Type III - an overview

Infibulation - Wikipedi

PressReader - The Star Malaysia - Star2: 2018-11-02 - DIF

The most extreme form is infibulation (Type III), which constitutes approximately 15% of all procedures. The incidence of infibulation is much higher in Djibouti, Somalia and northern Sudan, with consequent higher rate of complications. Infibulation is also reported in southern Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, northern Kenya, Mali and Nigeria 1 Introduction. Type III female genital mutilation (FGM), known as infibulation, is the narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris. 1 Infibulation constitutes the most severe form of FGM, which may lead to several health complications including severe pain. Type 3. Type 3 Excision of part of or all of the external genitals (infibulation, also referred to as Pharaonic Circumcision).. Afterwards the remaining parts of the outer lips are sewn together leaving a small hole for urine and menstrual flow. The scar needs to be opened before intercourse or giving birth, which causes additional pain Type 3: The narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal, which is formed by cutting and repositioning the labia minora or labia majora, sometimes through stitching, with or without removal of the clitoris. This is often referred to as infibulation Infibulation, or type 3 female genital mutilation (FGM), entails narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris

Type 3 FGC, known as infibulation, is the most severe form, in which the entire clitoris and some or all of the labia minora are excised, and incisions are made in the labia majora to create raw surfaces ().The labial raw surfaces are stitched together to cover the urethra and vaginal introitus, leaving a small posterior opening for urinary and menstrual flow The term infibulation is used to describe FGM type 3 (see Classification below). Deinfibulation is the surgical procedure to restore the vaginal introitus in a woman who has previously undergone type 3 FGM. 4. The law in Australia and New Zealan Type 3: This is also called Infibulation.It involves narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the labia minora or majora in the midline with or without removal of clitoris (see Figure 1) Type 3 FGM is the most extensive type and is associated with the most significant morbidity and mortality

Types of FGM - Eve Ma

Type 3 infibulation involves the surgical narrowing of vaginal opening by closing variable amounts of the external vulva. Urine and menses often flow through a single hole, labeled watering-can dispersal 10 . In many cases, women often have to undergo deinfibulation to reopen the vaginal opening to allow for sexual intercourse and. Infibulation is practised on a smaller scale in parts of Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Kenya and Mali, and may occur in other communities where information is lacking or still incomplete. Type IV Type IV female genital mutilation encompasses a variety of procedures, most of which are self-explanatory. Two procedures are described here Type 3) Infibulation. Type 4) Other. Explain type one circumcision. clitirdectomy: can be partial, total, or an excision of prepuce. Explain type 2 cirucmision. it is a clitoridectomy with a partial or total excision of the labia minora. Explain type 3 circumcision. Clitoridectomy, excision of labia minora and majora, and infibulation Type 3: Infibulation occurs when the vaginal opening is sealed by cutting and repositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without the excision of the clitoris. Type 4: All other damaging procedures done to female genitalia for nonmedical reasons (e.g., pricking, piercing, incising, scraping, cauterization

What is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

They range from Type 1, in which only the clitoris is cut, to Type 3, infibulation, in which the labia are stitched together.] Khazan: I read you were invited to watch one of these. How old was. Fig. 3. Type II female genital mutilation. Type III FGM, known as infibulation, is the most severe form in which the entire clitoris and some or all of the labia minora are excised, and incisions are made in the labia majora to create raw surfaces (Fig4). The labial raw surfaces are stitched together to cover the urethra and vaginal introitus.

Classification of male and female genital mutilation

majora. Type 3, infibulation, involves narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris. Infibula-tion is considered the most invasive type of FGM/C. Defi-bulation, opening of the covering seal, is often necessar Type 3: Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation) Type 4: All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes for example pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and. Type II: P artial or total removal of the (external) clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora. Infibulation. Type III: N arrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora,. • Type 2: Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are the lips that surround the vagina). • Type 3: Infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, o

Type 2 - partial or total removal of the external and visible parts of the clitoris and the inner folds of the vulva. Type 3 - infibulation or narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. Type 4 -picking, piercing, incising, scraping and sealing the genital area Type 3 (infibulation) is the closure of the external genitalia to obscure and reduce the size of the vaginal orifice; it also involves covering the urethra and leaves a very tiny opening for the. Type 3: Infibulation. The cutting and repositioning of the labia minora and the labia majora - the outer skin folds that surround the vagina. This often includes stitching to leave only a small gap Type 2 - Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are the lips that surround the vagina). Type 3 - Infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or. • Type 2 • Removal of the clitoris together with part or all of the labia minora. • Type 3 (infibulation) • Removal of part or all of the external genitalia (clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora) and stitching and/or narrowing of the vaginal opening leaving a small hole for urine and menstrual flow

Type III, or modified (sometimes called intermediate) infibulation, is a milder form of infibulation, which involves the same amount of cutting, but in which only the anterior two thirds of the. Type 3, infibulation, the most severe form of female circumcision, involves removal of most or all of the external genitalia. The vaginal opening is then stitched closed; only a small opening is left for the flow of urine and menstrual blood. Women's infibulation scars may have to be cut open at childbirth or if problems in sexual intercourse. There are four types of FGM:. type 1 - clitoridectomy - removing part or all of the clitoris;; type 2 - excision - removing part or all of the clitoris and the inner labia (lips that surround the vagina), with or without removal of the labia majora (large outer lips);; type 3 - infibulation - narrowing the vaginal opening by creating a seal, formed by cutting and repositioning the. Diagram 3 - Type 2 FGM Diagram 4 and 5 - Type 3 FGM When the clitoris, inner lips and cut outer and lips sewn are together Diagram 6 - An example of type 4 FGM stretched labia All other harmful pratices including stretching, pricking, piercing, cutting, scraping and burning Stretched labia Type 2 Removal of the clitoris with part or all o

INFIBULATION (FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION TYPE III) - YouTub

OMS Classification des mutilations sexuelles féminine

WHO classifies four types of FGM: type 1 (partial or total removal of the clitoral glans); type 2 (partial or total removal of the external and visible parts of the clitoris and the inner folds of the vulva); type 3 (infibulation, or narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal), type 4 (picking, piercing, incising. Infibulation, or Type III, is the third category of mutilation procedures defined as the narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the sealing of the perineum by cutting and repositioning the labia minora and labia majora with or without the excision of the clitoris Infibulation - It is the most deadly type and follows dangerous consequences. In this process a seal is formed by cutting and re-positioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora. This can take place with or without removal of the clitoris. Myth - 3. The women that are not cut are hypersexual. It is shocking to know that in today's. Infibulation is an extreme form of female genital mutilation (FGM) that involves completely sewing up a girl's vulva, leaving only a pencil-sized hole for fluids to escape. Type III is infibulation > Since the population is largely nomadic, most.

3 Photographs That Tell The Whole Truth About Female

  1. ora, or labia majora, sometimes through stitching, with or without removal of the clitoris (clitoridectomy)
  2. Type 3 involves excision of part or all of the external genitalia, with stitching or narrowing of the vaginal opening. There are multiple theories which explain the origins of FGM, one such theory by Gerry Mackie hypothesizes that the practice began in ancient Meroe (modern-day Sudan) where infibulation was practised by highly polygynous.
  3. Type 3: Excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching/narrowing of the vaginal opening (also known as infibulation). This type is most common in Somalia and Sudan. Type 4: Unclassified - includes pricking or incising of the clitoris or labia, cauterisation by burning of the clitoris or introduction of corrosive substances or.

A de-infibulation surgical procedure may be performed by a specialist in FGM in cases of type 3 FGM. This aims to correct the narrowing or closure of the vaginal orifice, improve symptoms and try to restore normal function. Re-infibulation (re-closure of the vaginal orifice) could be requested after childbirth. Performing this procedure is illegal Type 3 - infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris. Type 4 - other: all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes - eg, pricking, piercing, incising.

Female genital mutilation: Types, complications, prevalenc

  1. ora and/or the labia majoria. This may or may not include the removal of the clitoris
  2. ora is removed. Type 3 (Infibulation or Pharaonic): involves the excision of part or all the external genitalia and then, through infibulations, stitching the vulva closed, leaving only a small opening for urination and menstruation
  3. The practice of FGM is painful, harmful and incredibly dangerous in any form, but the most severe and debilitating type - infibulation - is so shocking, it's difficult to even read about

The forms of female genital mutilation Female genital

D, Appearance after type 2 FGC. E, Tissue removed in type 3 FGC: narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation). F, Appearance after type 3 FGC Female genital mutilation Type III status. ICD-9-CM 629.23 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 629.23 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM. 3. Type Three: (Infibulation): This is the removal of part or all of the external genitalia (clitoris, labia minora and labia majora) and stitching or narrowing of the vaginal opening, leaving a very small opening, about the size of a matchstick, to allow for the flow of urine and menstrual blood Type III FGM, known as infibulation, is the most severe form in which the entire clitoris and some or all of the labia minora are excised, and incisions are made in the labia majora to create raw surfaces. The labial raw surfaces are stitched together to cover the urethra and vaginal introitus, leaving a small posterior opening for urinary and. Type 3: Infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the labia minora or majora with or without removal of the clitoris. Type 4: Other: all other harmful procedures to the genitals for non-medical reasons, for example, pricking, piercing, incision.

Female genital mutilation - Wikipedi

  1. ora or majora (or both), with or without excision of the clitoris Type 4: All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes—for example, pricking, piercing, or cuttin
  2. ora or labia majora with or without excision of the clitoral prepuce and glans (infibulation). • Type IV: All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, fo
  3. ora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation). Type IV All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, for example

Type I (clitoridectomy) - removing part or all of the clitoris. Type II (excision) - removing part or all of the clitoris and the inner labia (lips that surround the vagina), with or without removal of the labia majora (larger outer lips). Type III: The most severe form, it is also known as infibulation or pharaonic type.The procedure consists of narrowing the vaginal orifice with creation. For those women who have undergone Type 3, otherwise known as infibulation, the pain is even worse, as a hard plug of scar tissue is formed over where there was once the soft opening of the vagina. de-infibulation is the process in which women are physically cut open in order to allow penetration Defibulation during vaginal delivery is a valid treatment option for women who have undergone female genital mutilation or cutting. The prevalence of female genital mutilation or cutting worldwide is between 100 and 140 million women and girls. 1 The number of girls at risk despite efforts to stop this practice is greater than 3 million From top left: unaltered external female genitalia, type I (clitoridectomy), type II (excision) and type III (infibulation). Indeed, for close to a century, observational studies, supported by biological theories, have suggested a negative association between FGM/C and various health outcomes. Such studies have been summarised in a handful of.

Type 3: removal of the external genitalia and stitching/narrowing of the vaginal opening (infibulation) Type 4: pricking, piercing of clitoris or labia. Scraping of vaginal tissue, or introduction of substances into the vagina to cause bleeding, or any other procedure that falls within the above definitio Type III: Infibulation with excision [edit | edit source] The WHO defines Type III FGC as excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching/narrowing of the vaginal opening (infibulation). It is the most extreme form of FGC, and accounts for about 15% of all FGC procedures. Infibulation is also known as pharaonic circumcision

What is female genital mutilation? Health The Guardia

Type III (infibulation) is the most obvious, but other types, especially types I and IV, may be difficult to identify. A visual reference of FGM/C provides valuable points of reference for. Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.[1] FGM is a violation of girls' and women's human rights. While the exact number of girls and women worldwide who have undergone FGM remains unknown, at least 200 million girls and women have. The most severe form, infibulation and excision, or WHO type III, is also known as pharaonic circumcision in Sudan and Sudanese circumcision in Egypt. 12,13 A modified, less extensive form of infibulation has been called intermediate circumcision, 2,14,15 type II, 16 or matwasat in Sudan. 2,16 Excision is.

Types of Female Genital Mutilatio

The most severe form, infibulation and excision, or WHO type III, is also known as pharaonic circumcision in Sudan and Sudanese circumcision in Egypt. 12 13 A modified, less extensive form of infibulation has been called intermediate circumcision, 2 14 15 type II,16 or matwasat in Sudan. 2 16 Excision is. FGM Type 3 - This refers to a narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the creation of a seal by cutting and repositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, This type of FGM is commonly called infibulation or pharaonic circumcision and has two additional subtypes

Type III FGM is usually called infibulation. It is the most severe form of FGM. The genitals outside a woman's body are cut off and the wound is sewn shut with thread and thorns. The different types of infibulation are: Type IIIa: The inner labia are cut off and sewn closed. Type IIIb: The outer labia are cut away and sewn closed Type 3: Also known as Infibulation, this is the narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal . 10. My friends however, were given Infibulation, which is the most severe form of FGM - which means the girl's vagina is cut and sewn up, to leave a tiny gap . 11 Under the FGM Act, it is illegal for a women in the UK to request having her vagina closed again (re-infibulation), following childbirth. It occurs in the few countries that practice type 3 FGM

THE DEBATE OF FGM - Home

Types of FGM - BAFG

of the clitoris (infibulation) Before Defibulation Before Defibulation After Defibulation After Defibulation 4 FGM/C Type IIIa FGM/C Type IIIb Reinfibulation is the practice of sewing the external labia back together after defibulation. Reinfibulation is illegal in some countries. It is not recommended by FIGO and WHO. Obstet Gynecol 2016. Type 3: Infibulation (also called Pharaonic Circumcision) This is the most severe form of female genital mutilation. Infibulation often (but not always) involves the complete removal of the clitoris, together with the labia minora and at least the anterior two-thirds and often the whole of the medial part of the labia majora (the outer lips of.

-Type 2: this is the partial or total removal of the clitoral glans and the labia minora (the inner folds of the vulva), with or without removal of the labia majora (the outer folds of skin of the vulva). -Type 3: Also known as infibulation, this is the narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal Type III: Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the sealing of the vaginal opening by cutting and repositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora. This is done with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation) · Type 2 (excision) - removing part or all the clitoris and the inner labia (the lips that surround the vagina), with or without removal of the labia majora (the larger outer lips) · Type 3 (infibulation) - narrowing the vaginal opening by creating a seal, formed by cutting and repositioning the labi Re-infibulation or Re-Suturing Re-infibulation refers to the re-suturing (usually after childbirth) of the incised scar tissue in a woman with FGM Type 2 or 3. Perspectives on Female Genital Cutting and Reinfibulation in Sudan

Type 3 (Infibulation) The narrowing of the vaginal opening by creating a seal, formed by cutting and repositioning the labia. Type 4. Any other harmful procedures to the genitals, such as pricking, piercing, cutting, burning the are or scraping. FGM can often be carried out using knives, scissors, scalpels, pieces of glass or razor blades, and. The participants clearly differentiated between what they referred to as Pharaonic circumcision (infibulation/FGM/C type III) and sunna circumcision (FGM/C types I, II, or IV). There was a broad consensus against infibulation, whereas most respondents had a positive attitude towards sunna—although they were unable to clearly. I was mutilated when I was a week old to supposedly preserve my chastity until marriage. At the age of 15 years old, I was forced into marriage. Since the man to whom I was married off wanted to.. Type of FGM/C occurrence among female migrants in the Netherlands. We estimated the proportion of those who have undergone infibulation, the most severe form of FGM/C (Type III), by extrapolating the distribution across different types of FGM/C in country of origin to our study population of female migrants in the Netherlands type of FGM/C in Islam is held firmly and this can only be questioned using Islamic teachings. At present, the religious scholars and the wider community unanimously reject infibulation on the basis that it is . haram (unlawful) in Islam. However they are supportive of some form of cutting, howeve

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - Donor Direct ActionFemale Genital Cutting: Cultural Challenges and ComplicationsLes mutilations génitales féminines : des recommandations

Female genital mutilation: Clinical case, types, anatomy

FGM has many types ranging from excision of the prepuce with/out clitoris (Type I or Clitoridectomy) and excision of the clitoris and labia minora (Type II or Excision) to profound excision of the external genitalia with stitching and tightening the vaginal opening (Type III or Infibulation). Type IV describes pricking, piercing, scraping, and. Now is happening exactly what we had been fearing: Africa too has been infected! We cannot but imagining the terrific consequences that the expansion of Corona virus could imply in some African countries where it is impossible to reckon on health structures which could host an important number of infected persons

Female genital mutilation (FGM) - NH

more extreme type III FGM is the most commonly per-formed procedure in Sudanese women, with an overall FGM prevalence of 89% in the region [10]. This report describes a case of an epidermal clitoral inclusion cyst as a long-term complication of type III FGM (also known as infibulation) in an adult female from the Darfur region of Sudan, Africa * Type III is the most severe type of FGM, known as infibulation, which involves the narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the creation of a seal that is formed by cutting and then stitching the labia minora and/or the labia majora with or without excision of the clitoris Body modification (or body alteration) is the deliberate altering of the human anatomy or human physical appearance. It is often done for aesthetics, sexual enhancement, rites of passage, religious beliefs, to display group membership or affiliation, in remembrance of lived experience, traditional symbolism such as axis mundi and mythology, to create body art, for shock value, and as self.

Hypersensitivity Type 2: ABO transfusion reaction - YouTube

FGM Flashcards Quizle

Benin - Roman Slave Boy Part.3. - MMSA Stories Revised and expanded to reflect a fantasy based on this story. Mild editing was done to the original story (part I) to make it consistent and flow into part II. A story about the future Thanks for the lift I exclaimed as I climbed into the cabin of the waiting hovercraft

Female Circumcision [FGM] In Nigeria - Public HealthCouresfmarthamutilations