Congenital syphilis treatment

A single intramuscular injection of long acting Benzathine penicillin G (2.4 million units administered intramuscularly) will cure a person who has primary, secondary or early latent syphilis Syphilis can be treated and cured with antibiotics. If you test positive for syphilis during pregnancy, be sure to get treatment right away. If you are diagnosed with and treated for syphilis, your doctor should do follow-up testing for at least one year to make sure that your treatment is working. How will my doctor know if my baby has CS

CDC - Syphilis Treatmen

STD Facts - Congenital Syphili

(congenital syphilis or treponema pallidum or t. pallidum) and (congenital syphilis treatment or therap* or management or pharmac* or control) Life Sciences or Health Sciences Key Questions 1. Should placental pathology be included in the definition of highly probable congenital syphilis? 2 CONGENITAL SYPHILIS (CS) Evaluation and treatment of infants (<30 days old) born to women with syphilis during pregnancy* Start. ALL INFANTS AND MOTHERS SHOULD HAVE SERUM RPR OR VDRL TITER DRAWN AT DELIVERY . Infant and. Maternal Criteria. Infant. Evaluation. Infant. Treatment. Infant Criteria: • CS findings on physical exam • Infant titer. The most effective treatment for syphilis in the mother, as well as congenital syphilis in the infant, is penicillin. In some cases other antibiotics may be used. Interstitial keratitis may be treated with corticosteroid drugs and atropine drops. An ophthalmologist should be consulted Congenital syphilis: Evaluation, management, and prevention. Congenital syphilis occurs when the spirochete Treponema pallidum is transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection can result in stillbirth, prematurity, or a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations; only severe cases are clinically apparent at birth [ 1 ]

BACKGROUND: From 2012 to 2015, the CDC reported an increase in congenital syphilis (CS) cases. Reverse sequence (RS) testing is reported as a high throughput and cost effective method for syphilis screening. RS testing starts with a treponemal specific antibody test (e.g. chemiluminescent immunoassay [CIA]), then reflexive testing with a non-treponemal antibody test (rapid plasma reagin [RPR. Skin lesions or moist nasal secretions of congenital syphilis are highly infectious. However, organisms rarely are found in lesions more than 24 hours after treatment has begun. Untreated infants, regardless of whether they have manifestations in early infancy, may develop late manifestations, which usually appear after 2 years of age and.

Congenital Syphilis NCBDDD CD

Early congenital syphilis generally responds well, both clinically and serologically, to adequate doses of penicillin. Recovery may be slow in seriously ill children with extensive skin, mucous membrane, bone or visceral involvement. Those in poor nutritional condition may succumb to concurrent infections, such as pneumonia Congenital syphilis occurs when the spirochete Treponema pallidum is transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection can result in stillbirth, prematurity, or a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations; only severe cases are clinically apparent at birth [ 1 ]. The clinical features and diagnosis of congenital syphilis will be. Syphilis, together with its variant congenital syphilis, is a disease caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum.This paper documents possible new skeletal evidence for congenital syphilis from the Medieval Era (twelfth and thirteenth centuries CE) burial site of Medinaceli in the Province of Soria in North-Central Spain Congenital Syphilis: Treatment and Prevention. Accreditation Statements ACCME Standards for Commercial Support of CME require that presentations be free of commercial bias and that any information regarding commercial products/services be based on scientific methods generally accepted by the medical community. When discussing therapeutic. Congenital syphilis can cause severe illness in infants including premature birth, low birth weight, birth defects, blindness, and hearing loss. It can also lead to stillbirth and infant death. Tests and treatment for pregnant people are readily available. Over the last several years, California has experienced a steep increase in syphilis.

Syphilis - 2015 STD Treatment Guideline

Primary, secondary, and early latent diseases are treated with a single intramuscular (IM) dose of benzathine penicillin G (50,000 U/kg; not to exceed 2.4 million U). In patients with primary.. The CDC recommends that any child with late congenital syphilis be treated with aqueous crystalline penicillin G 50,000 units/kg IV every 4 to 6 hours for 10 days. A single dose of benzathine penicillin G 50,000 units/kg IM may also be given at the completion of the IV therapy Congenital syphilis occurs when the spirochete Treponema pallidum is transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection can result in stillbirth, prematurity, or a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations; only severe cases are clinically apparent at birth [ 1 ]. The evaluation, management, and prevention of congenital syphilis will be. Congenital Syphilis is a condition in which a pregnant woman with syphilis transmits the infection to her baby. Syphilis is connected to numerous adverse outcomes and often goes unnoticed or misdiagnosed due to vague symptomology. All syphilis test results and treatment should be thoroughly documented in the medical records of both mother. Length of treatment depends on how severe the syphilis is, and factors such as the person's overall health. To treat syphilis during pregnancy, penicillin is the drug of choice. Tetracycline cannot be used for treatment because it is dangerous to the unborn baby. Erythromycin may not prevent congenital syphilis in the baby

Congenital syphilis can lead to severe sequelae or fetal, neonatal, or infant death. Purpose: To discuss the epidemiological trends, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of CS; the implications of CS upon the infant; as well as the importance of the nurse's role in the prompt identification of CS and the timely interventions needed to. Congenital syphilis is when a baby is born with syphilis, passed by the mother during pregnancy. Syphilis may cause pregnancy complications or health issues. Protect your baby. Seek treatment if they're diagnosed after birth Treatment Centers for Disease Control and Prevention infographic about congenital syphilis. If a pregnant mother is identified as being infected with syphilis, treatment can effectively prevent congenital syphilis from developing in the fetus, especially if she is treated before the sixteenth week of pregnancy

New York State Addendum for Congenital Syphilis Treatment

Early latent and late/late latent syphilis, which are infections acquired in the past, can result in damage to the brain, heart, or other organs. Congenital syphilis may result in organ damage and bone deformities. Antibiotics treat the infection but organ damage is permanent. Sources: Syphilis is sexually transmitted or acquired before birth Syphilis in pregnancy is an infection with widespread complications for both the infected woman and her fetus. Maternal syphilis has been associated with obstetric complications such as hydramnios, abortion, and preterm delivery; fetal complications such as fetal syphilis, hydrops, prematurity, fetal distress, and stillbirth; and neonatal complications such as congenital syphilis, neonatal.

treatment, the infection will progress to the latent and late stages of disease. Latent Stage Syphilis infectious is referred to as latent when symptoms are not present. This may occur between primary and secondary phases of the disease, or after secondary symptoms have disappeared. Without treatment, the infected person will continue t Previously, the diagnosis of congenital syphilis was based on a complex set of clinical and laboratory criteria that required serologic testing of infants over a long period to determine status of infection and response to treatment. 2 Only infants with clinically apparent illness or laboratory findings indicating congenital syphilis were. The 1:1 match was based on the stage of syphilis and the gestational age at treatment. Results: Forty-three women who received antepartum therapy for syphilis were delivered of an infant with congenital syphilis. Most of the women had been treated for early syphilis; the mean gestational age at treatment was 30.3 weeks

Pituitary Gland Gumma in Congenital Syphilis After Failed

Congenital syphilis (CS) is a disease that continues to persist in the United States despite its preventable nature. Mother-to-child transmission of CS can be avoided with appropriate maternal diagnosis and treatment during the pregnancy. Diagnosing CS and determining the therapeutic course can be c Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD), which is spread by having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex. It can also be spread from mother to baby during pregnancy. Syphilis has been called the great imitator because its symptoms are similar to other infections and diseases

Congenital Syphilis - NORD (National Organization for Rare

  1. syphilis, neonates (<30 days old) being evaluated for congenital syphilis, and infants >30 days old or children diagnosed with latent syphilis. CSF testing is helpful in supporting the diagnosis of infection involving the brain or spinal cord, but no single test can be used for diagnosis
  2. There is treatment for congenital syphilis (CS). Babies who have CS need to be treated right away — or they can develop serious health problems. Depending on the results of your baby's medical evaluation, he/she may need antibiotics in a hospital for 10 days. In some cases, only one injection of antibiotic is needed
  3. Early studies in the 1950s reported congenital infection rates as high as 3% after maternal treatment with multiple doses of aqueous penicillin.1, 5, 6 The long-acting benzathine penicillin G formulation was first used for the treatment of syphilis in pregnancy in 1954 7 and is associated with lower treatment failure rates
  4. Evaluating a baby for congenital syphilis and treating them appropriately can be really complicated, especially for physicians who haven't done it before, explained Dr. Plotzker. This is the first tool of its kind to visually present the comprehensive recommendations put forward in the 2015 CDC STD Treatment Guidelines
  5. Congenital Syphilis Treatment. If a mother is diagnosed with syphilis, proper treatment can help to prevent the development of CS on the unborn child. This is especially so if a mother is treated before 16th week of pregnancy. The risks of contracting syphilis are greatest when a mother is still in the earlier phases of infections
  6. Congenital syphilis continues to be a substantial public health problem in many parts of the world. Since the first use of penicillin for the treatment of syphilis in 1943, which was a notable early success, it has remained the preferred and standard treatment including for congenital syphilis

Congenital syphilis has become a rare disease in Canada. However, infected infants may suffer severe sequelae, including cerebral palsy, hydrocephalus, sensorineural hearing loss and musculoskeletal deformity, all of which may be prevented with timely treatment during pregnancy Congenital syphilis is preventable with proper treatment of the mother; therefore, all expectant mothers should have a VDRL test at the beginning and near the end of pregnancy. In fact, screening at the time of delivery is now mandatory in the State of New York. Maternal and Congenital Syphilis Pathophysiology and treatment of maternal syphilis Stuart M. Berman important infectious agent, little is known about its mechanism of action or the determinants of virulence. The outer mem-brane of T. pallidum is mostly lipid and contains little protein

Congenital syphilis: Evaluation, management, and

Congenital syphilis is syphilis acquired by the fetus in utero, thus present at birth Drugs used to treat Congenital Syphilis The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition The total number of congenital syphilis cases in 2018 includes all babies born to women who have ever had syphilis and that had no proof of treatment. In past years, only women with a syphilis diagnosis during the current pregnancy and no or inadequate treatment were reported Topic Overview. Congenital syphilis occurs when a mother's syphilis goes untreated during pregnancy and is passed to the baby through the placenta.A baby can also become infected with syphilis during labor or delivery. The risk of infecting the baby is greatest when the mother is in the early stages of syphilis

How to Recognize Ocular Syphilis

Congenital syphilis can be didactically divided in early, rising to the second year of life, and late, when the signals and symptoms are observed from the second year of life. In cases of early congenital syphilis, the presence of signals and symptoms at birth depends on the moment of intrauterine infection and the treatment during pregnancy 19. Preventive treatment and care of and care of congenital syphilis in the newborn pdf, 110kb; The global elimination of congenital syphilis: rationale and strategy for action; The use of rapid syphilis tests; Sexually transmitted and other reproductive tract infections A guide to essential practice ; Eliminating congenital syphilis. A global.

Evaluation of Congenital Syphilis: Use of an Algorithm in

  1. After a declining trend during the 1990s, syphilis has reemerged as a public health problem worldwide. The incidence of acquired and congenital syphilis (CS) increased dramatically in many countries during the last decade. 1-3 Early screening and treatment for pregnant women with syphilis is a proven, cost-effective approach for reducing the burden of CS, which is associated with miscarriage.
  2. ary data indicate that fetal deaths in Harris County (including Houston) increased from four in 2019 to 14 in 2020, a 250-percent increase
  3. Congenital Syphilis (CS) occurs when syphilis is transmitted from mother to infant during pregnancy and/or at delivery. Congenital Syphilis can cause serious health problems for the baby like miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth, and/or birth defects. Not all babies born with congenital syphilis will show symptoms at birth
  4. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Untreated infection can lead to long-term health problems, including brain disease. Syphilis increases both transmission and acquisition of HIV. Tests and treatment are available. Information on congenital syphilis

Yes, fortunately, congenital syphilis has a cure that is achieved through drug treatment. In some cases, it may be necessary for the baby to have a pediatric follow-up for up to 18 months, just to ensure that there are no sequelae. Even with total healing, it is still important to have routine consultations After successful treatment for congenital syphilis, titers should decline by 3 months and become nonreactive by 6 months. If titers increase, fail to decline, or are still present after 6 to 12 months after initial treatment, the infant should be reevaluated, including CSF examination, and retreated with parenteral penicillin G for 10 days ( 02 ) Congenital Syphilis is a condition in which a pregnant woman with syphilis transmits the infection to her baby. Syphilis is connected to numerous adverse outcomes and often goes unnoticed or misdiagnosed due to vague symptomology. All syphilis test results and treatment should be thoroughly documented in the medical records of both mother. Testing and Treatment for Infants with Congenital Syphilis. Treatment and evaluation decisions for infants born to mothers diagnosed with syphilis are based on maternal syphilis history, maternal treatment adequacy, and clinical and laboratory evaluation for the infant risk for syphilis as well as patients who might have disruptions, in prenatal care and communicable disease treatment due to contributing social factors (e.g., substance use, incarceration, poverty, homelessness, etc.). b 125 a This document expand screenings recommendations to facilitate timely identification of syphilis ne

Syphilis Red Book® 2018 Red Book Online AAP Point-of

Interruptions in treatment for late and congenital syphilis. If drug administration is interrupted for more than one day at any point during the treatment course, it is recommended that the entire course is restarted: 1D. Reactions to treatment. Patients should be warned of possible reactions to treatment Timely treatment (adequate treatment for the surveillance stage of syphilis initiated at least 30 days prior to delivery) of syphilis in persons who are pregnant can prevent a diagnosis of congenital syphilis in infants, as well as any detrimental effects of in-utero exposure to syphilis In summary, congenital syphilis is a preventable disease, and timely identification and adequate treatment of syphilis in pregnancy is really the key to prevention. [10.51] Credits This podcast is brought to you by the National STD Curriculum, the University of Washington STD Prevention Training Center and is funded by the Centers for Disease.


Congenital and acquired syphilis may be difficult to distinguish when a child is seropositive after infancy. Signs of congenital syphilis may not be obvious, and stigmata may not yet have developed. Abnormal values for CSF VDRL, WBC count, and protein may be found in either congenital or acquired syphilis In Brazil, 63·9-75·5% of congenital syphilis cases were asymptomatic between 1998 and 2006, and diagnosis was possible by comparative analyses of both maternal and newborn venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) test titres. Boletim epidemiológico sífilis 2012. Brazilian Ministry of Health , Brasília 2012 Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection or disease caused by the Treponema pallidum bacterium .An unborn baby can contract this infection from their mother during pregnancy or vaginal birth if the mother isn't treated or treated inadequately for an active infection.. Syphilis in babies, also known as congenital syphilis, is treatable with timely diagnosis and prompt treatment The following are scenarios related to the congenital syphilis evaluation and treatment of infants born to pregnant people who have reactive serologic tests for syphilis during pregnancy. Scenario 1: Proven or highly probable congenital syphilis; Scenario 2: Possible congenital syphilis; Scenario 3: Congenital syphilis is less likel Congenital Syphilis - A Call to Action: Rising Rates of Congenital Syphilis in Texas In 2019, just over 1 in every 750 infants in Texas was born with congenital syphilis (CS). Up to 40% of infants born to mothers with untreated syphilis when acquired within four years prior to delivery will be stillborn or die in infancy

The high and increasing congenital syphilis rates we recorded might be explained by the inclusion of partner treatment in the congenital syphilis case definition, but it does not explain the higher deaths we noted. Brazil's Ministry of Health points out that, among mothers of children diagnosed with congenital syphilis in 2015, a total of 78. Syphilis is caused by a spirochaete bacterium called Treponema pallidum. Vertical transmission of spirochaetes can lead to congenital infection of the fetus in pregnant women who are inadequately treated or not treated at all, causing various clinical manifestations including stillbirth and neonatal death, cutaneous and visceral manifestations, or asymptomatic infection

Congenital syphilis diagnoses have been increasing since 2016: Between 2015 - 2017 there were 14 congenital syphilis diagnoses versus 31 congenital syphilis diagnoses in the 2018 - 2020 period. • Congenital syphilis increases have accompanied sustained annual early syphilis increases in both males and females (sex assigned at birth) Newborn syphilis cases in US up by 261% due to serious gaps in testing and treatment: CDC report. The most commonly missed opportunity for preventing congenital syphilis was a lack of adequate maternal treatment, likely driven by the high numbers of cases in the South, where this was most prevalen Syphilis testing should be performed in accordance CDC Diagnostic Considerations, with darkfield examinations of lesion tissue being the definitive method of diagnosing early syphilis, and a presumptive diagnosis requiring the use of both a nontreponemal and a treponemal test in addition to the patient's syphilis diagnosis and treatment history The public health response to congenital syphilis must address lapses in maternal screening and treatment, which states are attempting through increasing the frequency of prenatal screening or. Congenital syphilis. All babies born to mothers diagnosed with syphilis should ideally be assessed at delivery by an infectious disease specialist. If a specialist is not available, consult an experienced colleague knowledgeable in the treatment of congenital syphilis. Infants should be treated at birth if: Symptomati

Congenital syphilis or mercury treatment: dental

Categories > Foodborne, Waterborne, and Related Diseases Tags > syphilis . Sort . Sort by Most Relevant . Alphabetical; Most Accessed; Most Relevant; Recently Added; Recently Upd New York State Addendum for Congenital Syphilis Treatment Guidelines. The New York State Bureau of Sexually Transmitted Disease Control has issued an addendum to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines 2006.These modified guidelines, presented below, reflect the Bureau's policy and procedures specifically for the evaluation and. congenital syphilis owing to access to adequate antenatal care. For example, 13.4 cases of congenital syphilis per 100 000 live births were reported in the United States in 2000 (3, 4), and nine cases of presumptive congenital syphilis occurred in the United Kingdom between 1994 and 1997 (5). In contrast, there ha

Congenital Syphilis - CDPH Hom

Even if you're treated for syphilis during your pregnancy, your newborn child should be tested for congenital syphilis and if infected, receive antibiotic treatment. The first day you receive treatment you may experience what's known as the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. Signs and symptoms include a fever, chills, nausea, achy pain and a headache Congenital syphilis is a form of syphilis that occurs when a mother with syphilis passes it on to her child during pregnancy - this can often have major impacts on a babies health; at times causing stillbirth, prematurity, and other congenital deformities [1] Prompt, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment (before birth of child, or immediately following birth) is the key to speedy recovery from Congenital Syphilis: All manifestations of syphilis are treated using the antibiotic drug penicillin; whether it is a pregnant woman, newborn baby, or an older infant

Pediatric Syphilis Treatment & Management: Approach

Congenital Syphilis - Pediatrics - MSD Manual Professional

Finding a needle in the haystack: the costs and cost-effectiveness of syphilis diagnosis and treatment during pregnancy to prevent congenital syphilis in Kalomo District of Zambia. Larson BA(1), Lembela-Bwalya D(2), Bonawitz R(3), Hammond EE(1), Thea DM(1), Herlihy J(3) The Maricopa County Department of Public Health is collaborating with CAN Community Health community partners to utilize mobile healthcare clinics to provide STI diagnosis and treatment to individuals at highest risk of a pregnancy with congenital syphilis—including those experiencing homelessness, engaging in drug use, or recently incarcerated All babies born to mothers who test positive for syphilis during pregnancy should be screened for syphilis and examined thoroughly for evidence of congenital syphilis. For pregnant women only penicillin therapy can be used to treat syphilis and prevent passing the disease to her baby; treatment with penicillin is extremely effective (success. Treatment Details: There is a significant risk of congenital syphilis. At Birth Assess infant for signs of congenital syphilis (see guideline) Undertake FBC, U+E, LFT's, ALT and request Syphilis screen + VDRL + Treponemal IgM. Discuss with neonatal SpR and GUM SpR re need for admission, further evaluation including LP and treatment

Congenital syphilis (CS) is a disease that continues to persist in the United States despite its preventable nature. Mother-to-child transmission of CS can be avoided with appropriate maternal diagnosis and treatment during the pregnancy Congenital syphilis is completely preventable, provided the mom has access to prenatal care, syphilis testing, and treatment. The CDC recommends that all women be tested for syphilis during their.

The number of congenital syphilis cases rose by 261% from 2013-'18, despite the fact that it can be prevented with adequate penicillin-based treatment regimens targeted to the stage of maternal syphilis and initiated at least 30 days prior to delivery Congenital syphilis: Clinical features and diagnosis. Congenital syphilis occurs when the spirochete Treponema pallidum is transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection can result in stillbirth, prematurity, or a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations; only severe cases are clinically apparent at birth [ 1 ] The diagnosis of congenital syphilis is considered presumptive or probable when. 1. An infant is born to a mother who (a) had untreated syphilis, (b) has no documentation of treatment; (c) received treatment with a nonpenicillin therapy, or (d) received penicillin treatment <30 days before delivery; or. 2 den of congenital syphilis is still under-appreciated at both international and national levels.1 Unlike many neonatal infections, congenital syphilis can be effectively prevented by testing and treatment of pregnant women, which also provides immediate benefits to the mother and allows potentially infected partners to be traced and offered treat

Congenital syphilis is the result of placental transmission from mother to fetus of Treponema pallidum. Although congenital syphilis is preventable through timely treatment, the rate of new infections in the United States (US) has increased each year since 2013, and is increasing at a noticeably greater pace in California (CA). Most research into congenital syphilis has focused on individual. Congenital syphilis can have devastating consequences but is preventable with simple screening, early detection, and treatment. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a type of bacteria known as Treponema pallidum. If left untreated in adults, the bacteria can affect many different organ systems, including the heart and. The majority of paediatricians and family physicians in practice in Canada today have never seen a case of congenital syphilis. However, there have been outbreaks of syphilis across Canada since 2001, such that the incidence has increased from a low of 1.6 cases/100,000 in 1999 (499 cases) to 10.1/100,000 in 2014 (3589 cases).The initial increase in incidence was concentrated in men who have. Congenital syphilis treatment. Proven or highly probable congenital syphilis Recommended Regimens. Aqueous crystalline penicillin G 100,000-150,000 units/kg/day, administered as 50,000 units/kg/dose IV every 12 hours during the first 7 days of life and every 8 hours thereafter for a total of 10 days; O Congenital syphilis cases and rates of early syphilis among people assigned female at birth, Oregon, 2013-2020 Table 1. Congenital syphilis cases and live-births by race and ethnicity, Oregon, 2014-2020 medication for syphilis treatment. • OHA issued a Dear Provider Letter about syphilis in pregnancy in Novem-ber of 2018. The.

FaciesSyphilis Rates in US Doubled Since 2000, Still Rising

Congenital syphilis is caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum, which is passed from mother to child during fetal development or at birth. Up to half of all babies infected with syphilis while they are in the womb die shortly before or after birth. Despite the fact that this disease can be cured with antibiotics if caught early, rising rates. Congenital syphilis can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, intrauterine growth restriction, fetal hydrops, fetal malformation, and neonatal death in more than a third of cases. Moreover, if unrecognized and untreated, congenital syphilis can have important health consequences for a child's health and development The treatment plan for syphilis, as detailed by the CDC, remains relatively unchanged in recent years and continues to vary with stage of infection .5 Primary, secondary, and early latent syphilis. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that is typically transmitted through anal, vaginal or oral sex with direct contact with syphilis sores. Pregnant women can pass on the infection to their unborn baby during pregnancy or childbirth. This is called congenital syphilis (CS). This may lead to birth defects or stillbirth

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A syphilis sore can bleed easily, providing an easy way for HIV to enter your bloodstream during sexual activity. Pregnancy and childbirth complications. If you're pregnant, you may pass syphilis to your unborn baby. Congenital syphilis greatly increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth or your newborn's death within a few days after birth. The morbidity and mortality associated with congenital syphilis are preventable; screening in pregnancy enables treatment of the mother, fetus and sexual partners. Maternal syphilis leads to stillbirth, prematurity, clinical congenital syphilis and infant death, with the highest transmission rates and most deaths occurring in early syphilis Congenital syphilis is the second leading cause of preventable stillbirth globally, preceded only by malaria. Preventable and treatable Congenital syphilis is easily preventable and treatable - as long as testing and treatment are provided to pregnant women early during antenatal care Syphilis in Pregnancy. All pregnant people should be tested for syphilis and other STIs, including HIV, as early as possible in pregnancy. A pregnant parent with syphilis can pass the infection to their baby during pregnancy. This is called congenital syphilis. Congenital syphilis can cause: Stillbirth. Premature birth. Low birth weight The incidence of congenital syphilis has been increasing since 2009.16, 17 Most newborns with congenital syphilis (60% to 90%) are asymptomatic at birth.16, 18 From birth to 48 months of age. Congenital syphilis effects. Congenital syphilis can cause a variety of complications in both the fetus and the baby. Abor**tion (miscarriage) can occur while the fetus is still in the womb. Babies can be born prematurely, or die at birth. If the baby is successfully born safely, it can be born with congenital defects